Social and Ethical Implications Concerning the Environment degradation

in China

Globally, china has been ranked as one the leading electronic manufacturing and supplying country especially computers and laptops. As a result of increased technological advancement in China, there have been quite a number of industries manufacturing computers which has resulted to environmental degradation in this country (Manhart & Rainer, 2006). Since china is a developed country; many investors, engineers, and project developers from all over the world are attracted to invest in this country as a result of its fame in cheap electronics worldwide. It should be noted that, a comparative analysis of the manufacturing of computers in china has indicated that; there are 31 provincial regions and 20 major cities where manufacturing of computers is carried out all over china. On this basis, china's environment has been affected drastically by this increased technology in the production of computers (Manhart & Rainer, 2006).

In this case, the main purpose of this study is to examine the social and ethical concern of environment as far as computer manufacturing in China is concerned. On this basis, environmental concerns if they are not exceedingly publicized present a tremendous significant challenge not only to computer manufacturers but also to the entire society. As a result of this, NGOs and consumers are progressively questioning the manufacturing conditions of computers and electronics in china (Choi, 2003).  It is of importance to note that, the extensive manufacturing of computers in china has led to increased risks to health and safety of workers and the entire community. Studies have indicated that, as a result of the increased computer technology production in china; there have been public health complications, mass migration, forced resettlements, and social unrest of the people of china (Choi, 2003). Despite the efforts put by the government of china to protect the environment, Chinese and other immigrants have lived in great dangers brought about by environmental degradation s a result of increased computer production (Choi, 2003).

Additionally, there has been social unrest in china as people fight for water and other resources as they are scarce. In this case, water has been polluted, crops damaged, and air has been polluted as a result of increased industries manufacturing computers and other electronics in china (Chan & Charles, 2008). On this basis, there has been social instability among the people of china as most of the farmers and village residents always complain about poisoning of their farm produce by local factories. Further, china has been experiencing degradation in forests, grasslands and mineral resources right from the year 1990; which has been brought about by the increased factories manufacturing computers and other electronics (Chan & Charles, 2008). In china, social instability has been primarily brought about by scarcity in resources as can be seen in the case of villagers in Anqui in Shandong province. In this relation, the year 2000 marked the Chinese violence over water resources as the villagers of this village fought over the blockage of their water sources for irrigation by the police. As a result of this incident, one policeman was reported to have died, one hundred villagers injured and twenty people being detained. In this connection, this is a very good example of showing how people of china have been suffering socially as a result of increased manufacturing of computers in this country (Chan & Charles, 2008).

In addition, the Chinese minister of agriculture in the year 2000 reported that approximately 20% of agricultural and poultry products in major industrial areas as farmed in areas irrigated with contaminated water that contain extreme levels of infectivity. On the other hand, according to the report released by The World Bank; if china could protect it environment especially air pollution, there could b reduction in the number of registered deaths in urban areas (Meyer, 2008).

Importantly, during 1990s the analysis made about china compute manufacturing industries indicated that 20-30 million peasants were displaced by environmental pollution. According to this analysis, if nothing is going to be done concerning these manufacturing industries; by the year 2025, 30-40 million people will be displaced which will pose stress to cities by now seeking to manage migrant population of approximately 2o% of the population in the cities where manufacturing industries are located (Choi, 2003). On this basis, migrations that are caused by increased computer manufacturing in china will have social effects in that; some urban areas will be highly populated as people are relocated there which would result to competition for social amenities like infrastructure. A good example here is in the year 2001 where the city councils of Chanchun city in Jilin province demanded extremely high fees for people operating taxis as a way of driving them out of the city. It should be noted that, the social instability caused by migration resulting from increased manufacturing of computers in china; would trigger large scale conflicts in Chinese urban areas. This is as a result of increased migrant laborers and unemployed who will fight for scarce social amenities provided by the government (Manhart & Rainer, 2006). A point worth noting is that, forced relocation or resettlements that are caused industrial project works like river diversion or construction of dams; would lead to social disquietude in china. In this case, farmers who have been relocated demonstrate claiming that they were not sufficiently compensated (Chan & Charles, 2008).

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Social and Ethical Implications Concerning the Environment degradation

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This article was published on 2011/06/02